It includes the use of physical and sexual violence, threats and intimidation, emotional abuse and economic deprivation.
Many of these different forms of domestic violence/abuse can be occurring at any one time within the same intimate relationship.
It affects people of all socioeconomic backgrounds and education levels.
Domestic violence includes behaviors that physically harm, arouse fear, prevent a partner from doing what they wish or force them to behave in ways they do not want.
"It can simply be that you feel frightened to share your opinionsyou're constantly walking on eggshells because you're afraid of your partner's emotional reactions."A controlling partner may also ignore or overrule your opinions, even when you do have the confidence to voice them."It goes to show the power of 'thank you,'" study author Allen Barton said in a press release."Even if a couple is experiencing distress and difficulty in other areas, gratitude in the relationship can help promote positive marital outcomes."It's one thing when a friend complains about dating over drinks; it's another when he or she orders round after round (even after you've politely declined) and encourages you to badmouth or betray your own partner."A lot of times it's a matter of imbalance," says Bonior.
"One person is always calling the shots, always making the plans—for simple stuff, like where you're going to eat dinner, and for more important issues, like where you're going to live." If you're truly okay with letting your partner make the majority of the decisions, this arrangement can be fine, she says.
"But often in a toxic relationship, one partner eventually gives up because they just don't feel heard."All too often, relationships go south when partners start to take each other for granted.